Welders need to be warned about wearing personal protective equipment. A welder’s job involves numerous hazards, such as molten metal, toxic fumes, and intense ultraviolet and infrared radiation. In addition, it is risky for workers to experience an electric shock, poisonous fume inhalation, and burns to the skin. Therefore, wear the appropriate protective gear while welding to shield from these dangers.
Welding Safety Equipments & Protective Clothing
Welding safety begins by understanding what could go wrong and get prepare for it. All welding operations must conduct with protective clothing and equipment, including helmets and shields and many more that are mentioned below in detail. The safety tips for welder also helps to guide which equipment should use and how to use.
1- Welding Hazards
Burns from hot metals and weld spatter are the most common welding injuries. Electric shocks and arc rays caused the other damages. However, some precautions may implement to minimize hazards.
Fire retardant cotton or wool should use as welding PPE, as well as leather and heavyweight gloves to protect against UV radiation, welding spattered, sparks, and open flames.
Always wear protective clothing and cover the whole skin to prevent burns. Below are a few options:
- Long sleeve jackets
- Welding capes
- Long pants
- Welding aprons
- Welding caps
- Welding sleeves
Make sure the pants cover the boot and are cuff-free. Wear high boots that are fully laced.
Wear a leather apron to avoid sparks and spatter.
2- Welding Helmets
Welding helmets protect the face and neck against sparks and radiation, just as welding machines and torches do. However, a powerful arc can cause rapid skin and eye damage without a helmet (or hood or mask).
Helmets for welding are available from 3M Speedglas.
Experts recommend welding helmets that darken automatically for both beginners and experts. Because auto-darkening helmets do not require a flip between welding sessions, quality welds are easier to obtain. The flipping of traditional fixed-shade helmets also eliminates neck fatigue.
Many factors to consider when selecting a welding helmet are discussed in-depth: How to Test an Auto-Darkening Welding Helmet.
3- Helmet With Eye Protection
By protecting eyes and face, a helmet accomplishes two tasks at once:
- Hot Slag
- Blinding light
Welders face all of these hazards. The spark can miss quite quickly, leading to debris bursting all over. The struggle of maneuvering is additionally made challenging when emotionally attached to the job.
Never overlook this step, and always be careful. Don’t forget to take a suitable eye protection class. Sometimes it’s impossible to wear a full welding helmet when working in close quarters. Goggles or face shields can use in these situations. A welding goggle usually has #5 lenses for brazing and cutting, but these lenses aren’t strong enough to provide adequate shading for more robust welding processes. It also leaves the skin completely exposed. Hand-held shields are easy to hold with a hand.
4- Welding Goggles
Ultraviolet and infrared radiation are always generated as visible light during welding. Therefore, the welder may receive indirect eye injuries from UV and infrared rays. Wearing welding goggles provides temporary eye protection during welding and cutting.
A welding goggle is a safety device for protecting the eyes from both heat and optical radiation and from flying debris sparks that may result from welding. There are several options for lenses in welding goggles to meet the needs of users. Because arc welding requires darker lens shades, gas welding filters are not ideal.
5- Hand Gloves
Hands play an important role in welding. A crucial element of handle molten metal is direct heat and direct contact with the molten metal. Only hands are close enough to heat, radiation and arc to cause severe damage. Therefore, welders prioritize the protection of their hands.
Slag, even in tiny amounts, can seriously damage the hand. In addition, a hand burn treatment is time-consuming and costly.
Some gloves are specifically designed for welding. These gloves are designed to protect the hands and also provide excellent welding performance. It is not hard to wear welding gloves. Taking a welding glove off in a second allows doing professional welding immediately.
- Stick and heavy-duty gloves
This product protects direct heat and spatter. Further, gloves with silicone patches prevent splattering and heat. Choose MIG welding gloves with thick insulation, dense stitching, and flame-resistant construction for the best results.
- Tig welding gloves
There is a wide variety of styles and sizes available when it comes to tig welding gloves. The material used to make them is often heat-resistant such as deer hide. Angular contact welding gloves can choose according to your personal preferences. The gloves offer comfort, flexibility, and durability so that you can weld like a professional. MIG welding gloves are available in both stick and heavy-duty styles.
- Standard duty gloves
With their leather material, they offer flexibility and agility. They differ only in their lack of insulation from heavy-duty MIG welding gloves and providing excellent heat and spatter protection.
6- Welding Jackets
During welding, simple leather jackets are not enough. The welders are protected from all types of dangers with these unique heat-resistant jackets. A welding jacket is necessary to protect clothes from heat and sparks, which can cause the clothes to catch fire.
The market offers several types of welding jackets. The welders can quickly wear them to match their style because they are stylish and eye-catching. Make sure the welding jacket fits appropriately by checking the arm and torso length before purchasing. Always buy a coat with leather and flame-resistant material.
Here are some types of jackets.
- Cotton jacket
Cotton jackets are excellent for light-duty work and short welding sessions. Washing them and wearing them will not cause any problems. Further, they come in fabric treated with flame-resistant properties and in engineered flame-resistant material. These jackets will allow choosing the most comfortable one.
- Flame resistant fabric
It is best to use these jackets while welding any metal. MIG welding with them is perfectly safe for heavy-duty applications. They protect against heat, radiation, and splatter. As with the light cotton jacket, they are durable and comfortable as well.
- Leather jackets
It is very comfortable and durable to wear leather jackets. They have been famous for decades in the welding world. However, welders are often hesitant to wear them due to their underwear’s hotness. It’s very uncomfortable to work when the body temperature is elevated, and the heat welding process increases your body temperature.
7- Welding Boots
The welding process cannot complete without welding boots. Although leather boots are an option, they are not particularly protective. In addition, it is sometimes necessary to work with an open flame or live current when welding. Those exposed to welding without welding-specific boots will suffer from electric shocks, slips, and burns that are much more severe.
It is vital to protect feet from burns and electric shocks during welding. To protect feet completely, make sure boots meet the following specifications.
- Flame retardant
- Sturdy ( leather made)
- Steel plate above the sole
- Cover past the ankle
It’s always recommended to wear welding shoes and to protect the body from any hazardous material.
8- Welding Pants
The welding process can’t dress like a daily routine. Welders can wear pants with unique designs to protect their legs. These pants have heat-resistant material that helps prevent legs from getting burned by heat, radiation, and hot sparks.
The following fabrics are available for welding pants.
- Spark guard cotton
- Twill cotton Flame resistant
- Flame resistant cotton
- Flame Resistant Low Rise
- Signature denim Flame resistant
They are all made of fabric that protects the legs well. It is essential to avoid cuffs when buying pants. Burned debris can plucke into the legs of pants with cuffs. The best scuffle pants protect your legs and can be found online, but they may be hard to locate.
There is not much difference between buying heat-resistant pants and scuffle pants. A pair of pants that are heat-resistant can be made welding-friendly by unhemming the bottom cuffs.
9- Welding Respirators
Diverse types of fumes and glasses form during welding. Because they are toxic gases, they are dangerous to your health. Inhaling these gases daily can destroy the lungs. Welders must use a respirator to avoid inhaling these poisonous glasses.
Welders wear them under their helmets during welding. These respirators are equipped with specific types of filters which remove tiny particles and toxic gases.
Moreover, the respirators ensure an adequate supply of oxygen, allowing the user to breathe comfortably.
If there is limited ventilation, people must wear respirators to protect their lungs. To breathe smoothly and protect the lungs, wear a simple dusk mask in the large ventilated areas.
Welding work requires ear protection. When melting metals or welding, the sparks, heat, and arcs cannot be controlled. Therefore, it is wise to wear earplugs to protect ears and hearing.
Simple winter earmuffs cannot be used for welding because they are designed to protect from extreme cold, not extreme heat and sparks. In addition, winter ear muffs are sometimes made of synthetic materials, and some of them may set on fire very quickly.
Heavy metal cutting sounds daily can also hurt ears. Earmuffs are the best tool for protecting the earnings sense. As well as decreasing loud noises associated with metal cutting and grinding.
Several types of personal protective equipment are available on the market and online. Wearing PPE depends on several factors, including the hazard, location, how to perform the task, and the material’s comfort. These are the best PPE suited to needs at a reasonable price for convenience.
This welding safety equipment checklist concludes our article with the hope that you will find it helpful. Wear safety equipment to prevent heat, hot sparks, toxic gases, and radiation from damaging the body parts or senses. It is possible to suffer severe long-term damage from even minor negligence when wearing this equipment.
It’s been years since I got into welding as a side hustle. It’s been so long since Doing All kinds of welds for business and pleasure as this is my hobby. Being in this field I have learned from hands-on-experience also came to know what gears work and what doesn’t. The Tig Welder is my own platform where I use to share my experience.